Take shelter from the rain under a leaf. Look toward the light pouring from a dome’s oculus. Here ears become tunnels, eyes portals, and mouths doors. Huts echo bower birds’ nests. Phallic spires court vaginal apertures. Towers mirror the mullein’s vertical inflorescence. In his 528-page tome, Nature and Architecture, famed architect and theorist Paolo Portoghesi, examines
what it is that turns archetypes into interpretations of nature and life or even projected images of the nature of man’s impulses, desires and needs and therefore the founding principles of a discipline, architecture…In the field of architecture, archetypes express the collective dimension and the richest possible stratification of experiences accumulated over the years, generation after generation.
Wallace Stevens, in his poem “Architecture,” asked: “What manner of building shall we build?….In this house, what manner of utterance shall there be?” Portoghesi’s erudite and impassioned essays—where Barthes, Bohm, and Borges, Eliade, Rilke, and Ruskin, among countless others, appear—buttressed with diagrams, drawings, models, and photos of arches and altars, castles and caves, doors and floors, bridges and niches, cells and shells, and roofs and rooms, answer these questions again and again. Read this alongside Gaston Bachelard’s The Poetics of Space and you may see the world anew.